An estimated 13.4% of residents in the Louisville/Jefferson County metro area live below the poverty line, a smaller share than both the national poverty rate of 14.7% and the state’s poverty rate of 18.5%. Louisville/Jefferson County has the lowest poverty rate of any Kentucky metro area.
A high school education can mean the difference between living above or below the poverty line. Nationwide, the 87.1% of Americans who have at least graduated high school are 1.9 times less likely to be in poverty than those who did not complete high school. In Louisville/Jefferson County, adults who graduated from high school are 2.6 times less likely to be in poverty. An estimated 89.6% of adults in Louisville/Jefferson County have at least a high school diploma, the highest high school attainment rate in the state.
The share of metro area residents living in poverty may depend on the health of the local job market. As the national unemployment rate fell from 8.9% in 2011 to 5.3% in 2015, the number of U.S. jobs increased by 9.9 million. In Louisville/Jefferson County, the 4.2% unemployment rate is lower than the jobless rate nationwide, which may partially explain the low poverty rate.
Low poverty and unemployment often create the conditions for a low violent crime rate. There were 423 violent crimes per 100,000 Louisville/Jefferson County residents in 2015, however, higher than the national crime rate of 373 incidents per 100,000 Americans.
Living in poverty can have adverse effects on physical and mental health. With lower wages, those living in poverty are less likely to have access to healthy food, opportunities for physical activity, and quality medical care. In Louisville/Jefferson County, there are 412 premature deaths per 100,000 residents annually, less than the national premature death rate of 474 per 100,000 Americans.
Poverty is often concentrated along racial lines. Nationwide, 25.4% of African Americans live in poverty, compared to 10.4% of white Americans. Poverty is even more divided along racial lines in Louisville/Jefferson County, where 30.3% of African Americans and 9.9% of white residents live below the poverty line.
While poverty tends to be concentrated in certain neighborhoods and districts within a city, a metropolitan area with a low poverty rate tends to have wealthier residents overall. The typical household in the Louisville/Jefferson County metro area earns $52,898 annually, higher than the median household income for Kentucky of $45,215, and lower than the median income for all U.S. households of $55,775 nationwide. Louisville/Jefferson County has the second highest median household income of any Kentucky metro area.
|10||Pine Bluff, AR||25.7%|
|5||Athens-Clarke County, GA||27.1%|
|5||Las Cruces, NM||27.1%|